Author Topic: Guides to Correct Punctuation  (Read 135 times)

Offline heartsongjt

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Guides to Correct Punctuation
« on: November 20, 2018, 10:03:02 AM »
 Guides to Correct Punctuation

Title.
   No punctuation is used at the end of a title unless a question mark or exclamation point is needed.

      How to Make a Birdhouse
      Will You Give a Dollar?
      Hold That Line!

Conversation.

("") The exact words of another are set off by quotation marks ("")

    The announcer said, "We shall pause for station announcements."

(,) When a quotation comes within a sentence, it is preceded by a comma.

The end punctuation of the quotation is determined by the meaning;  that is, determine whether the quotation is a statement, question, or exclamation.

Quotation marks are placed after the final punctuation.

   "Are you ready?" called Father.
   "What a help you are!" said Jack.

(,) Sometimes in writing conversation we break into the quotation.
     "I'll help," said Harold, "if you haven't enough boys."

     In this sentence the complete quotation is, I'll help if you haven't enough boys.

   The words said Harold break into the quotation. Such words are set off by commas.


Simple sentences.

   The following requirements for punctuation in simple sentences are import:

   Ends of sentences.

(.) Declarative and imperative sentences are followed by a period.

         The house was built on a hill.
         Remain where you are.

(?) An interrogative sentence is followed by a question mark.
         Have you registered?

(!) An exclamatory sentence is followed by an exclamation mark.
                  Stop! That's enough!

Direct address.

(,) A noun used in direct address is set off by a comma or commas.

       Carl, please close the door.
       I asked you, Henry, not to touch the foliage.

Appositives.

(,) A word, or words, used in apposition is set off by commas.
    In the following sentence the words, our football coach, are used as an appositive to explain the noun, Mr. Howard.

    Mr. Howard, our football coach, was very patient.

 Words and phrases in a series.

 Words and phrases used in a series are punctuated as follows:
     (,) Use a comma between the words and phrases in a series.

       Father, Mother, and my cousins rode in the back seat.
       He came for his ball, glove, and bat.
       He searched along the highway, in the field, and over the boundary fence.

Parenthetical expressions.

(,) Expressions that are thrown into a sentence without close relation to any part of the sentence may be set off by a comma or commas.

  Indeed, you're not going.
  To say the least, your conduct was unbecoming.
  It would be all right, I should say, for you to come along.

After "Yes" or "No."

(,) Unless used in a sentence as an exclamation, these words may be set off by a comma.
              Yes, you are right.
              No, you can't go.

An expression of strong feeling.

(,)Use a comma after Oh with other words following, but not after O.

     Oh, be careful!
     Thy mercy, O Father, is everlasting.

(!) The word Oh when used as an exclamation is followed by an exclamation mark.
                   Oh! that hurt me.

Compound sentences.

  Use these rules for punctuating compound sentences:

(,) When the conjunction is expressed between the clauses, use a comma before the conjunction.

Mary was in the play, and she took her part well.

( ; ) When the conjunction is omitted between the clauses, use a semicolon.

Father locked the garage; he wanted to be on the safe side.

(,) When the sentence is very short it is permissible to omit the comma.
                   You watch and I'll go ahead.


 Good luck with your writing.           jt
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